South Africa's ruling African National Congress won most seats in local elections but faced its strongest opposition since coming to power in 1994 from the Democratic Alliance whose leader is the white Helen Zille.

A UN legal tribunal sentenced the former head of the Rwandan army, Augustin Zizimungu, to 30 years imprisonment for genocide and crimes against humanity in 1994 when 800'000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed by Zizimungu's forces.

Silvio Berlusconi's People of Freedom party suffered heavy losses in Italian local elections. In Milan, Berlusconi's birthplace, the Mayor Letizia Morati failed to secure re-election.

Queen Elizabeth's 4-day State Visit to Ireland was considered a success by all sides and an important contribution to reconciliation between Britain and Ireland after decades of hostitlity.