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When Majorca was conquered by King Jaime I in 1229 it became part of the Kingdom of Aragon, and the flag of four red stripes on a yellow background, the heraldic sign of the Kingdom, became part of the emblems, flags and coats of arms of Majorca.
There has been some argument over the number of stripes.
Troops from Pisa and Genoa also took part in the conquest and each kingdom had its own standard. The Catalan flag is often depicted in paintings with three, five, six, and up to eight red strips. However, it is considered more logical that there are four stripes, one for each kingdom.
And according to legend, the number of red stripes is four, originally drawn by French Emperor Louis on the golden shield of Guifré el Pelos, Count of Barcelona, with four fingers dipped in the blood of the Count's wounds, received in a victorious battle against the Normans.
In 1269, King Jaume I granted the University the use of its own seal, with the four stripes and Almudaina Castle, which were the antecedent's of the present day flag.
In 1312, King Sancho made the symbol of the four stripes and the castle extensive to the whole island.
The flag of the Balearics and that of Majorca are almost identical. The difference is that in the Balearic flag, the Almudaina, also white on a purple baground, is smaller and is horizontal to the stripes, whereas in the Majorcan flag it is perpendicular.
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