Palma.—The original 36-rater Pen Duick (formerly Yum) was built in 1898 at the Gridiron and Workers shipyard, Ireland, to a Linear Rating Rule design by Scotsman William Fife III.

The gaff-rigged cutter was quickly noted as a successful racer in British and French waters.
Then, years later the Pen Duick class was built by legendary French yachtsman Éric Tabarly.
Tabarly's father acquired the original gaff-rigged cutter when Éric was seven years old, and the boy learnt to sail on her.
After World War II, she was put on sale, but finding no takers, Éric convinced his father to give her to him.
Years later, he was told her wooden hull was rotten, and being unable to hire a yard to salvage her, proceeded to save her himself, making a mold to build her a new polyester hull: It was the largest of its kind at the time.

He refitted her entirely, with a loftier rig for the southern climes.
In the night of June 12 to 13 1998, Éric Tabarly fell overboard and was lost in the Irish Sea, while sailing the hundred-year-old cutter en-route to the Fife Regatta in Largs, Scotland.

Prior to that, the wooden ketch Pen Duick II won the 1964 Singlehanded Transatlantic Race with Éric Tabarly.
The 17.45m schooner Pen Duick III, with her distinctive clipper bow, was designed entirely by Tabarly, and was built in aluminium and the yacht won the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race in 1967.

Pen Duick IV was a 20.50m aluminium trimaran with a ketch rig and rotating masts.
She was designed by André Allègre.
During the 1968 Singlehanded Transatlantic Race, Pen Duick IV collided with a ship and Tabarly was forced to withdraw from the race. Later, Pen Duick IV was sold to French yachtsman Alain Colas, who rechristened her Manureva and won the 1972 Singlehanded Transatlantic Race with her.

In 1978, Manureva sank at sea with her owner.
The 10.60m sloop Pen Duick V, featuring novel ballast tanks, was designed by architects Michel Bigoin and Daniel Duvergie for the 1969 Singlehanded San-Francisco to Tokyo Race, which Tabarly also won.

The 22.25m ketch Pen Duick VI was the built in 1973 to an André Mauric design.
She entered the 1973-74 Whitbread Round the World Race, but endured mast breakage on two occasions.
Tabarly also entered Pen Duick VI in the 1976 Plymouth to Newport Singlehanded Transatlantic Race, which he won, although the boat was designed for a crew of twelve and competitors endured five consecutive ocean storms.

Pen Duick VI later competed against the carbonfiber-masted Heath's Condor in the 1977-78 Whitbread Round the World Race .
Today, all Pen Duick yachts, apart from the lost Pen Duick IV, still race in classic events.

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